He also talks about “,” areas of the country where large numbers of enslaved Africans had lived in the midst of a surrounding sea of Europeans and Native Americans.
After the Civil War they gradually intermixed with the surrounding peoples creating enclaves of individuals of what Frazier calls “.” He identifies Ahoskie, North Carolina and Mahwah, New York as just two examples.
Not everything over there is fully functional yet, and the internal links still point to this blog, and will for the indefinite future.
There is still a large community of Creoles in Louisiana today. It is said that, as intermediaries between the Blacks and the whites, they got European instruments into the hands of African musicians and thereby facilitated the development of jazz.
In New England we find Cape Verdians, Africans who migrated here in the 18th and 19th century aboard whaling ships that stopped in Cabo Verde, an island off the coast of West Africa, to resupply and pick up extra hands.
If ever a group of people was so incapable of living independently as to justify the enslavement of others more capable, it was these French trespassers.
Indians viewed them as children because they were puerile in their dependence on the mercy of others to supply them their daily bread.
Indians watched cautiously from a distance, out of sight of the intruders.
Leaders from several Native towns in the vicinity finally got around to approaching the foreigners in the spring of 1699.Recent studies in 2000, 2002, and 2005 have all concluded similar results (page 8).Children who had an experience of rape or attempted rape in their adolescent years were 13.7 times more likely to experience rape or attempted rape in their first year of college (page 9).In coastal South Carolina, there are the Gullah people, and in coastal Georgia the Geechies.(.) The Gullah are said to be descended from the Gola people of Angola, and the Geechies from the Gidzi people of Sierra Leone. The French colonizers of Louisiana were virtually all male.They cut pine trees to build Fort Maurepas, the first of several forts in the region.