The present name was given to the city in 1841 by special decree of Nicholas I and named after the nearby river Berdy.Between 19 the city was known as Osipenko, so named after Hero of the Soviet Union Polina Osipenko.
In the center, private residences for the nobility, merchants, priests were built, as well as office accommodation.
Suburbs arose in the outskirts of Berdyansk, such as: Sailor, German, Soldier (Liska), Dog beam Havrylivka, and Near and Far Makorty.
) is a port city in the Zaporizhia Oblast (province) of south-east Ukraine.
It is located on the northern coast of the Sea of Azov, which is the northern extension of the Black Sea.
Its task was to find a place to build a new seaport to assist in the defence of Russia's southern borders.
In the autumn of 1824 Captain Kritsky, the expedition supervisor, reported on several prospective sites; the best being a place closed off from the sea by the Berdyansk Spit.
In April 1862 Tsar Alexander II with assistance from the Mayor N.
Kobozev confirmed the city district plan for Berdyansk.
In the plan the streets were straight and led to the sea.
This layout has remained to the present day in the central part of the city.
The increasing importance of the port was mentioned in 1867 in a commemorative book on the Taurian province: "Already there is no doubt, that for all the Azov coast the Berdyansk port will be the Odessa of the Black Sea coast".